What are the glutes anyway?
The gluteal muscles (The Glutes) are a group of muscles located in the buttocks. They play an important role in the movement of the hip joint and the stabilisation of the pelvis.
There are three main muscles in the gluteal region: the gluteus maximus (which is quite impossible to say without imagining a Roman Gladiator or Senator) the gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus. The gluteus maximus is the largest and most superficial (closest to the surface) of these muscles and is responsible for extending the hip joint. This is the movement that allows us to stand up straight from a bent position. It also works to rotate the hip outwards and play an overall role of stabilising the hip and other joints below them. The gluteus medius and minimus muscles are located on the side of the hip and are responsible for abducting (lifting your leg to the side) and rotating the hip joint inwards. The glutes are important in walking, climbing stairs, standing from a seated position and even standing on one leg.
In addition to their roles in these movements, the gluteal muscles also play an important role in stabilising the hip joint, maintaining posture, and preventing injury. Weakness or dysfunction in these muscles can lead to conditions such as low back pain, hip pain, and knee pain. So, it’s important to keep these powerhouses of the body strong.
What can I do to strengthen them?
- Squats: Squats are a compound exercise that targets the glutes, quadriceps, and hamstrings. To perform a squat, stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and lower your body as if you are sitting in a chair, keeping your weight on your heels and your chest lifted.
- Lunges: Lunges target the glutes, quadriceps, and hamstrings. To perform a lunge, step forward with one leg and lower your body until your front knee is at a 90-degree angle. Then, push back up to the starting position and repeat on the other side.
- Glute bridges: Lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet flat on the ground. Lift your hips upward, squeezing your glutes at the top of the movement.
- Side Lying Leg Lifts: Again, this gives focus to the Gluteus medius and minimus of the lifted leg, but it also recruits the muscles on the floor-side leg to stabilise the pelvis. Lie on the floor with your legs stacked on top of each other creating a straight line with your body. Lift the upper leg up and bring down again with control. It’s important to hold balance throughout to activate the glutes. Proper form really counts here: if you don’t line up your legs correctly other muscles will take over and those smaller muscles won’t get a chance to work.
So, there you have it – just a few of our favourite glute exercises. The best exercises for you will vary depending on your fitness level, goals, and any injuries you may have. It’s always a good idea to consult with your physio if you have any concerns. Call us on 6254 9889 to make an appointment to meet at TM Physio! We can assess how your muscles are supporting your joints, help your body heal and advise you on how best to strengthen and stabilise your whole musculoskeletal system.